Our Sporting Life has been set up at Maidenhead Heritage Centre as part of a nationwide programme of community exhibitions celebrating Britain's contributions to the Olympic movement.
Clubs including Maidenhead United FC are featured and there is a special section on the athletes of SportsAble.
Items on display include the team blazer, running vest and medal of Stanley Jones, who ran the marathon in 1948.
There are also films about the racing driver Stirling Moss, who was brought up in Bray.
Visitors are invited to tell their own sports stories and nominate people for a hall of fame which the centre in Park Street will post on its website.
Chairman Richard Poad plans to nominate Stirling Moss and oarsman Bert Bushnell, who won a gold in the Games in 1948.
"We hope lots of other names will be put forward as well," he said.
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